It is referred to the removal of the uterine polyps through hysteroscopic surgery. There are more than 1 million cases every year in India being diagnosed with the uterine polyps. The most common type are mucous polyp which arises from the body of the uterus or from the cervix. Polyps are usually measuring from 3-4 mm to 1-2 cm rarely. The risk factors for this polyp are hormonal replacement therapy, diabetes, hypertension, obesity and increased age factor in females. These are usually the results of overgrowth of the tissues. These polyps are usually non-cancerous present inside the inner layer of the uterus.
Some of the cases are asymptomatic, presents no symptoms but the fibroid polyps are usually presents with the subjective symptoms like intermenstrual bleeding usually heavy and continuous, lower abdominal colicky pain, offensive vaginal discharge which may be excessive and bearing down sensation of the uterus are very common.
Polyps are usually removed or excised by the hysteroscopic methods, as it is helpful to locate the size and position of the polyp along with it base. The benign submucous polyp excision requires minimal procedure which is conducted in the outpatient department only. However smaller polyps are easily removed with this hysterectomy whereas, the larger polyps needs to be cut in to sections and removed completely.
The endometrial polyps are the main causative factor for infertility, postmenopausal bleeding, dysfunctional uterine bleeding, which is also removed if diagnosed during hysteroscopy. As there are chances of infections of polyps during hysteroscopy, hence they are removed and antibiotics are administered. The sample of the polyp tissue is also sent for histopathological examination for the further evaluation.