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    Infertility Treatments
    Infertility Can be the Result of Problem in Either of the Partner or Sometimes in Both Partners

Infertility Treatments

What is Infertility?

Infertility refers to the failure of the reproduction for the period of 1 or more years even after regular unprotected sex. This infertility can be the result of problems in either of the partner or sometimes in both the partners. So treatment usually starts from the assessment and counselling of the couples to reassure and then with the routine blood and other investigations so as to evaluate the physical, emotional and pathological causes of infertility and then finally end in the treatment and medications including modern infertility treatment methods for both males and females.

In recent years, one of the common issues faced by the married couples is infertility. In country like India, being childless is still a taboo. But science and medical fields in recent years has grown efficiently to treat many complicated infertility cases successfully.

The Conditions Which Require Infertility Treatments are:

Male Causes are

  • Extreme oligospermia - where the sperm count is less than 15 million sperms/mL.
  • Azoospermia - where the sperm count is below 5 million sperm/mL.
  • Low volume of semen ejaculation.
  • Impotency - inability to perform sex.

Female Causes are

  • Ovulatory factors such as suppressed or irregular menses and PCOD’s.
  • Tubal factors such as adhesions or any blocks within the fallopian tubes.
  • Abnormal growth such as endometriosis, fibroids and infections.
  • Cervical factors such as any chlamydia infections or stenosis.
  • Immunological causes such as presence of antisperm antibodies in the cervical mucus which leads to death of the sperms.
  • Unexplained infertility, where the cause is not known.

Although many causes requires medicines and hormonal treatment but some conditions such as tubal blocks and growths in females requires surgical intervention. In cases of immunological and unexplained infertility a new inventory methods are of great help.

The Inventory Modern Methods of Treatment are

1. Artificial Insemination

  • Intrauterine insemination.
  • Fallopian tube sperm perfusion.

2. Artificial Reproductive Technology (ART)

  • In-Vitro fertilization and Embryo transfer (IVF-ET).
  • Gamete and Zygote intra-fallopian transfer (GIFT or ZIFT).
  • Assisted hatching (AH).
  • Gestational surrogacy.
  • Embryo or Oocyte donation.

The treatment of infertility usually lasts from few months to few years depending on the causative factors in both the couples, response to the treatment, health conditions and most importantly on regular follow-ups. The positive pregnancy rates are increased to 50-60% after the treatment which was 20-30% before the start of the treatment. But in some cases, success rates not only depend on medications and other inventive procedures, but it also depends on the lifestyle and emotional causes which needs counselling, balanced diet and some dietary corrections too.

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